Among the English newspapers, the “Khyber Mail was (he most outstanding. It was started as a weekly in 1932, and converted into a daily in 1950. Other less important English Papers that existed for a small duration are the “Frontier Mail’ and the “Frontier Gazette’.

Karachi And Sindh: The Kurrachee Advertiser’ was claimed to be the p earliest and oldest English newspaper in KARACHI and in the whole of Pakistan. In his book, “Journalism in Pakistan’, Dr. Khurshid writes that a reference to the file of the “Indian News ;ind Chronicle of Eastern Affairs’, London, 1850 makes one believe that a newspaper called “Kurrachee Advertiser’ existed m that year in Karachi. It gained popularity among the readers by its severe criticism of the Indian Press.

The Paper was followed by the “Sindian’ and the “Sind Kossid’ that continued to flourish till about the closing years of (lie 19th Century. The “Sindian’ was an English journal which according to the Gazette of 1876, had at that time been in r\istence for more than a quarter of a century. Later the ■ indian’ was replaced by the “Beacon’ which after some years Wus transformed into the “Sind Times’.

It may be pointed out here that in 1861, the only I Mulish newspaper published at Karachi was the “Our Paper’ which was issued from Frers Street in the Saddar Bazaar. It was Wiled by Rupert Mansfield Mai very who had been in the British Secret Service during the Great Uprising of 1857, A Sind edition of s The Civil & Military Gazette‘ was brought out in 1879 by Col. A. Corey, a share-holder of the Civil & Military Gazette Ltd. of Lahore. The paper could not continue for more than 5 years and in 1883 due to unknown reasons, Col. Corey served his connections with the Lahore head office and carried on the Karachi Paper independently under the title, the sSind Gazette’, as a bi-weekly till 1902 when he died. From 1902-12, the Paper was edited by his daughter.

In 1886, the vSind Gazette’ was amalgamated with the sCommercial press‘ under a Joint Stock Company. AT about the same time, the NSind Times’ went out of European hands and subsequently creased publication. Not long afterwards, in 1888, a new journal called the vPheonix‘ was started exclusively under Indian management the first of its kind in Sind. It was in existence till 1916.

The vSind Gazette’ became a daily in 1904 at the instance of Sir Montagu who had acquired an interest in the Company and took an active part in its affairs. The same year, the Paper incorporated the “Sind Times’. In 1951, the Paper changed its title to the vDaily Gazette’. The .v Daily Gazette’ continued to appear till 1938 as a spokesman of the English population of Sind. The paper was eventually purchased by the sCivil & Military Gazette’.

Being established in 1911, the v Sind Observer‘ was appearing as a bi-weekly in 1919. It was afterwards converted into a daily representing Muslim cause in the Province of Sind during the pre-Partition days. The Paper was never very popular and remained in existence just because it was the only Paper run by a Muslim concern.


The first Paper of Baluchistan area was the *Quetta Gazette’ which was started in 1888 and continued its existence I ill 1935. After the 1935 earthquake, an English weekly, the * Quetta Times’ was brought out. It served mainly as an advertiser’s forum till 1948, when it was changed into a weekly newspaper.