Criticism On Matters Sub-Judice (Pakistan)

If a matter is under police investigation and no arrest is made, comments on that do not constitute a contempt of court. But when an accused is under custody, even if he has so far not been committed for trial or produced before a magistrate, comments can fall within the mischief of the contempt law. “Just as it is a legal offence... more →
Posted in: Journalism

Freedom Of Press And Press Laws

Freedom of the Press is a relative concept varying with the shift in political balance or imbalance. Usually the effective agencies for protecting free expression are the community and the government. In a democracy the community acts by routing social conflict through ballot box and encouraging the method of discussion, the government... more →
Posted in: Journalism

Glossary of Broadcast Terms and Abbreviations

AM Amplitude modulation, relating to transmission of sound. American Research Bureau (ARB) Market research company that conducts surveys. Aperture The diameter of a camera lens opening, also called an iris opening, which controls the amount of light permitted to reach the film. Arbitron Rating service of ARB that conducts television... more →
Posted in: Journalism

What Is Cut Off Rules & Dummy?

Cut Off Rules:A strip of metal which prints up as a straight or wavy line to show that a story has been continued in another column or on another page. It is also used by some papers over and under blocks and boxed stories. Some papers use one line cut offs exclusively while other use one-line and two line. An advertisement cut-off... more →
Posted in: Journalism
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