The Growth Of Muslim Press In The Sub-Continent

The tempo of political agitation was quickened by the Muslim Press in Particular, in 1919, that set up new traditions of sacrifice. The Zamindar reappeared in December 1919. Its circulation was 6129 in 1921, 5150 in 1922 and 5400 in 1923. during the phase it had to deposit three securities of Rs. 2000 each which were all forfeited. All the money was donated by readers. Maulana Zafar Ali Khan went behind the bars for five years in connection with a speech at Hazier (Campbellpur Distt.) his son Akbar Ali Khan was sentenced to three years imprisonment for having published objectionable matter.

Another editor, Abdul Majid Salik was sent behind the bar for one year for having published a seditious editorial. A number of other editors of the same paper also remained imprisoned. Murtaza Ahmed Khan Maikaah, a news-editor of “Zamindar” resigned his job went to Hijrat and on return resumed charge of his duties. Syed Habib started daily “Siaasat” in 1919.

The paper was placed under censorship for some time. One sub editor was imprisoned and Syed Habib himself was sentenced to three years imprisonment for a seditious speech. Abul Kalam Azad sponsored “Paigham” from Calcutta in 1921 which had a short lived existence. Qazi Abdul Ghaffar sponsored “Sabah” from Delhi.

All these papers made their contribution to the success of the non cooperation movement. Another interesting feature of those days was that each editor retained a number of declarations, so that if one newspaper was to be closed for non-payment of security, another could, be started immediately. Thus innumerable newspapers appeared and died. In 1922, the Press Act was withdrawn after the movement stopped under directive from Mahatma Gandhi.

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